Directions ： For this part， you are allowed 30 minutes to write
an essay titled"Are ( people becoming addicted to technol d-egy?". The statement given below is for your reference . You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
Numerous studies claim that addiction to technology is realand it has the same effect on the brain as drug addiction .
In contemporary society ，there is a prevalent phenomenon thatpeople in growing numbers find it difficult to live without tech-nology. Numerous studies claim that addiction to technologyhas the same effect on the brain as drug addiction .
Undoubtedly ， such addiction has a range of negative effects onmodern people .Firstly，amass of students spend enormoustime playing on their mobilephones ，whichdramaticallyreduc-es their attention span and decreases their learning efficiency .The n， employees of today are too dependent on technologicaldevices while working .Asaresult，theymight， to some extent ，become lazier and even sometimes think passively .Besides，in our daily life ， modern people have become progressively indif-ferent to each other .At restaurants，we can often see that 8 out of 10 people stare at their phones instead of talking with their friends sitting next to them.
There are several ways to prevent this trend from worsening .To begin with ， parents ought to guide their kids to use technol-ogy in areasonable way.Moreover，it is high time sometech-giants launched anti-addiction systems in their products .
And finally in tonight's news, a nine-year-old boy named Joe told not to draw in class wins a job decorating a restaurant with his drawings rather than shutting down the habit of drawing in his school's workbook.
(1) Joe's parents decided to encourage his creativity by sending their son to an after-school art class. His teacher recognized Joe's talent and posted all his work online, which led to something pretty wonderful. (2) A restaurant named Number 4 in Newcastle contacted Joe's teachers to ask if the nine-year-old could come and decorated the dining room with his drawings. Every day after school, Joe's dad drives him to theOY restaurant, so he can put his ideas straight on the wall.
Once he's all done, the work will remain there permanently. Joe's dad says, Joe is a really talented little boy. He's excellent at school. He's great at football, but drawing is definitely what he is most passionate about.
Q1. What did Joe's parents decide to do?
Q2. what did the restaurant, Number 4, do?
Christine Marshall, a-34-year-old mum of one posted a tearful video on social media, Wednesday, begging for the safe return of her beloved pet dog. After combing through the security video outside a global’s shop, (3) Christine has now posted an image of a man suspected of stealing the dog. The image appears to show a man carrying the dog in his arms.
Christine also believes the video obtained from the shop shows the dog being stolen by a man before driving off in a car, which had been waiting nearby. (4) The family is now offering a 5,000 pound reward for the safe return of the dog after launching a social media campaign to find the thief, the dog is six and a half years old and was last seen wearing a red collar.
Christine said “We will pay that to anyone who brings him home, as long as they are not responsible for his disappearance, please on investigating the incident”.
Q3 What is Christine Marshall trying to do?
Q4 What does the news report say about Christine Marshall's family?
London's eggs and bread cafe offers a boiled eggs, toast, jam, and bacon, as well as tea, coffee, and orange juice. But at the end of the meal, customers don't have to worry about the bill. Hungry customers can pay whatever amount they can afford to eat at the cafe or nothing at all. (5) Owner Guy Wilson says his cafe aims to build community rather than profits. He wants to provide a bridge for people to connectWANGYI in an area that has been divided by class and wealth, by providing affordable breakfast. (6) The cafe is open in the mornings every day of the year. And has two members of staff or supervisors on shift every day. The cafe doesn't use volunteers, but pays its staff to ensure consistency in its service. It doesn't take donations and doesn't want to be seen as a charity. Mr. Wilson says when people start to know other people around them, (7) they realize they're not that different and whatever their financial background or their educational background, most people will have something in common with each other. He says it's important that his cafe can offer his customers security and permanence
Q5 What does Guy Wilson say his cafe aims to do?
Q6 What does the news report say about eggs and bread cafe?
Q7 What happens when people start to know each other according to Guy Wilson?
M: So what time do you think we should have the party on Saturday?
W: How about inviting people to come at 6:00 PM then we'll have the afternoon to prepare food and drink and stuff like that?
M: Yes. I was thinking that around six would be good too. What food should we provide?
W: Well, I had thought about baking a cake and some biscuits, and now I think we should prepare some sandwiches and snacks and some other kinds of food so that people can just help themselves rather than getting everyone to sit down at the table to eat a meal. I think that's a bit too formal. It's better to let people walk around and talk to each other or sit where they like.
M: Yes, that sounds good. I'll go to the supermarket to get some drinks. I think I might try that big new supermarket on the other side of town, see what they have. I've not been there before. I think we should get some beer and wine and some fruit juice and other soft drinks. What do you think?
W: Sounds great. I think those drinks will be enough. And I heard that the new supermarket offers some big discounts to attract customers, so going there should be a great idea. What should we do about music?
M：Maybe we should also ask Pual to bring his computer and speakers so that we can play some music. He has a great collection of different stuff. Yes. All right.
Q8. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
Q9. Why does the woman say it is a good idea to serve foods that guests can help themselves too?
Q10. What does the woman say about the new supermarket?
W: I’m thinking of buying a car. I wouldn't need to use it every day, but I think it would be very convenient to have one for the weekends.
M: That's exciting. Would this be your first car?
M: I actually owned a car for a little while when I lived in Miami. You see, in America, many cities don't have good public transport.
So most people need their ownOY car to get around.
W: I see.
M: So have you got your mindset on a specific model?
W: No, not really.
(13) I've heard that German cars are very reliable, but I haven't decided on a specific model yet.
I'd also like it to be small so that it's easy to drive in the city.
M: I have a friend who sells secondhand cars. In fact, I think his family owns the business.
He's a really nice guy and he knows a lot about cars. I could give you his phone number if you want, and you could call him and ask him questions.
W: Hmm. That's nice of you, but I don't want to feel obliged to buy one of his car.
M: Oh no. He's not like that. He's a good friend of mine and he would never try to pressure you.
W: Well, if you trust him, then I guess it should be okay. To be honest, I could use some help in deciding what type of vehicle would best suit my needs.
Speaking to an expert would be a good idea.
M: Exactly. You have nothing to worry about. He's a lovely guy and he'll be happy to help.
Q13. What does the woman say about German cars?
Q14. What does the man recommend the woman do?
Q15. What do we learn about the Loinbo's friend from the conversation?
Pigs are not native to north America. They were first introduced to California by Spanish and Russian explorers and settlers many centuries ago. In the early times, pigs were allowed to wander freely and search a food. This practice also allowed many pigs to escape from farms and live in the wild, which became a problem.
In fact, as one of the most damaging invasive species on the continent, wild pigs caused millions of dollars in crop damage yearly. TheyOY also harbored dozens of diseases that threaten both humans and farm animals. Forest patches with wild pigs have been found to have considerably reduced plant and animal diversity.
In addition to either eating other animals or their food supply, wild pigs damaged native habitats by reaching up crosses and rubbing on trees. Their activities may also create opportunities for invasive plants to colonize these areas. Wild pigs will eat almost anything containing calories. Mice, deer, birds, snakes and frogs are among their victims.
They can also harm other wild species through indirect competition rather than eating them or shrinking their food supply. On one particular United States island, wild pigs themselves became an attractive food source for a species of mainland eagle. Eagles began breeding on the island and also feeding on a species of native fox. The foxes were almost wiped out completely.
Q16. What do we learn about early pigs in north America?
Q17. Why are wild pigs a threat to humans?
Q18. What does the passage say about the native foxes on a U.S. island?
(19) A pair of entrepreneurs are planning to build and launch a spacecraft that would carry and roast coffee beans in outer space. The craft will use the heat of re-entry to roast coffee beans, as they float inside it in a pressurized tank. The effect would be to roast the beans all over and produce perfect coffee. (20) The businessmen say that on earth, beans can easily break apart and get burned in the roaster. But if gravity is removed, the beans float around and heated oven, received 360 degrees of evenly distributed heat and roast to near perfection. The spacecraft will reach a height of around 200 kilometers. The beans would WANGYI then be roasted and the heat generated by the crafts 20 minute re-entry into earth's atmosphere. Temperatures and the pressurized tank will be kept to around 200 degrees Celsius. Once back on earth, the planet's first space roasted beans would be used to make coffee that would be sold for the first time in Dubai. This is where the Pairs company is based. It is not clear how much they would charge for a cup. Surprisingly, the space roaster concept should it go ahead will not be the first attempt to take coffee into space. (21) In 2015, two Italian companies collaborated on the construction of a similar type of spacecraft, which was the first coffee machine designed for use in space.
Q19. What are a pair of entrepreneurs planning to do?
Q20 . What does the passage say about coffee beans roasted on earth?
Q21. What did the two Italian companies do in 2015?
In cold and snowy Alaska, there’s a village called Takotna. It has a population of a mere 49 adults. Each March, this tiny village swells up in numbers because it is located in the middle of a race that takes place every year. It is a seven-day race called “The Iditarod Trail”. And participants stop at Takotna for the obligatory 24 hour rest.
Lucky for them, Takotna is famous OY for its delicious fruit pies. Weeks before the competitors arrive, the residents of Takotna start preparing what is without question their biggest event of the year. The whole village chips in to help, including the kids, who end up developing their baking skills at an early age. Exhausted and hungry racers are greeted with delightful pies of all kinds, such as apple, orange, lemon, or banana.
They consume the pies and a stomach warming race fuel. The toughness of the race allows for racers to eat pretty much whatever they want. The more calories, the better. Takotna has gained a reputation for its dessert-based hospitality since the 1970s. It started with one person, Jane Newton. Jane moved from Iditarod with her husband in 1972 and opened a restaurant. A rich and filling fruit pies quickly got the races attention, and the village gained some fame as a result. Proud residents then started to refer to Jane as queen of Takotna.
Questions 22 to 25, or based on the passage, you have just heard
Q22. Why do a lot of people come to the village of Takotna every March?
Q23. What is the village of Takotna famous for?
Q24. Who comes to help with the event of the year?
Q25. What does the passage say about Jane Newton?
Most animas seek shade when temperatures in the Sahara
What happens when a language has no words for numbers ?
36.[E] It is worth stressing that these a numeric people arecognitively (在认知方面)normal，well- adapted to the sur-roundings they have dominated for centuries .
37.[H] Compared with other mammals ，ournumericalin-st in cts are not as remarkable as many assume .
38.[E] It is worth stressing that these a numeric people arecognitively (在认知方面)normal，well- adapted to the sur-roundings they have dominated for centuries .
39.[B] But，ina historical sense ，number- conscious peoplelike us are the unusual ones.
40.[K] Research on the language of numbers shows ， moreand more ，thatoneofourspecies'key characteristics istremendous linguistic (语言的)andcognitivediversity.
41.[D] This and many other experiments have led to a simpleconclusion：When people do not have number words， theystruggle to make quantitative distinctions that probablyseem natural to someone like you orme.
42.[G] None of us，then，is really a“numbers person .”Weare not born to handle quantitative distinctions skillfully .
Ipc43.[A] Numbers do not exist in all cultures .
44.[I] So，howdidweever invent“unnatural”numbers inthe first place ?Theansweris，literally， at your fingertips .
45.[F] This conclusion is echoed by work with a numeric chil-dren in industrialized societies .
Educators and business leaders have more in common thanit may seem…
46.C) They help students acquire the skills needed for their future success .
47.A)By blending them with traditional ，stimulating activi-ties.
48.B)By playing with things to solve problems on theirown.
49.C) Encourage them to make things with hands .
50.B) Develop students' creative skills with the resources available .
Being an information technology ，or IT，worker is not a job l envy.
51.B)It does not appeal to him.
52.C) Many employees are deeply frustrated by IT
53.D) Employees become more confident in their work .
54.D) Think about the possible effects on their employees .
55.A)By designing systems that suit their needs .
铁观音(Tieguanyin) 是中国最受欢迎的茶之一， 原产自福建省安溪县西坪镇，如今安溪全县普遍种植，但该县不同地区生产的铁观音又各具风味。铁观音一年四季均可采摘，尤以春秋两季采摘的茶叶品质最佳。铁观音加工非常复杂，需要专门的技术和丰富的经验。铁观音含有多种维生素，喝起来口感独特。常饮铁观音有助于预防心脏病、降低血压、增强记忆力。
Tieguanyin is one of the most popular types of tea in China with its origin inXipingTown，AnxiCounty， Fujian Province .Although widely planted in AnxiCounty，the tea produced in different parts tastes very differently .Tieguanyin can be picked all the year around with the best in spring and autumn .The tea involves very complex process ，whic hneeds professional skills and sophisticated experiences .As it contains many vitamins and possesses a unique flavour ， the tea helps prevent heart diseases ， lower blood pressure and improve memory if one drinks it regularly .